CORTISOL

April 7, 2015

A steroid hormone and glucocorticoid produced in humans by the zona fasciculata or the adrenal cortex within the adrenal gland.  It is released in response to stress and low blood glucose. It functions to increase blood sugar through gluconeogenesis, to suppress the immune system, and to aid in the metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates. It also decreases bone formation.

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